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Thomas Bulkowski’s successful investment activities allowed him to retire at age 36. He is an internationally known author and trader with 30+ years of stock market experience and widely regarded as a leading expert on chart patterns. He may be reached at

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Bulkowski's Gapping Up Doji

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Candles Chart
Small Patterns
Industrials (^DJI):
Transports (^DJT):
Utilities (^DJU):
Nasdaq (^IXIC):
S&P500 (^GSPC):
As of 10/19/2018
25,444 64.89 0.3%
10,439 34.57 0.3%
746 11.47 1.6%
7,449 -36.11 -0.5%
2,768 -1.00 0.0%
Tom's Targets    Overview: 10/11/2018
26,000 or 24,600 by 11/01/2018
10,200 or 11,100 by 11/01/2018
755 or 715 by 11/01/2018
7,700 or 7,200 by 11/01/2018
2,850 or 2,700 by 11/01/2018

Written by and copyright © 2005-2018 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. Some pattern names are the registered trademarks of their respective owners.

My book, Encyclopedia of Candlestick ChartsEncyclopedia of Candlestick Charts book., pictured on the left, takes an in-depth look at candlesticks, including performance statistics.

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The gapping up doji candlestick performs less random than other types of doji candles. This one works as a bearish reversal 57% of the time, despite what theory says (bullish continuation). After it appears and price breaks out, the ensuing price trend ranks 92 out of 103, where 1 is best. Thus, price does not trend for long. The frequency of the candle's appearance is about mid list, so you should be able to find it without trouble. Just look for a gap followed by a doji in a rising price trend.

Gapping Up Doji Important Results

Theoretical performance: Bullish continuation
Tested performance: Bearish reversal 57% of the time
Frequency rank: 49
Overall performance rank: 92
Best percentage meeting price target: 93% (bull market, down breakout)
Best average move in 10 days: 2.35% (bull market, up breakout)
Best 10-day performance rank: 72 (bear market, up breakout)

All ranks are out of 103 candlestick patterns with the top performer ranking 1. "Best" means the highest rated of the four combinations of bull/bear market, up/down breakouts.

The above numbers are based on hundreds of perfect trades. See the glossary for definitions.

The ideal gapping up doji candlestick
Gapping Up Doji

Gapping Up Doji Discussion

Candlestick theory, according to authors and websites that I looked at, says the gapping up doji is a bullish continuation pattern. I found that it acts as a bearish reversal 57% of the time. I consider that near random. The pattern occurs frequently, placing its rank at 49 or about mid list. When it does appear, the following trend is not a long one and the overall performance rank of 92 (where 1 is best) shows that.

However, price moves far enough to meet the measure rule target 93% of the time after a downward breakout in the bull market. The best average move over the next 10 days after a breakout is 2.35% where 6% or higher I consider to be a strong trend. The best 10-day performance rank is 72, which is well down the list.

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Gapping Up Doji Identification Guidelines

Number of candle linesOne.
Price trend leading to the patternUpward.
ConfigurationPrice gaps higher, including the shadows, in an uptrend and forms a doji candle. A doji is one in which the opening and closing prices are within pennies of each other.

Three Trading Tidbits for Gapping Up Doji

If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of candlestick charts book, here are three to chew on. The pages refer to the book where the tips appear.

  1. Gapping up doji candles that appear within a third of the yearly low perform best -- page 224.
  2. Gapping up doji candles with upper shadows taller than the median perform well -- page 224-225.
  3. The gapping up doji breaks out downward most often -- page 227.

Gapping Up Doji Example

The gapping up doji candlestick on the daily scale

The chart shows a gapping up doji candlestick on the daily scale at A. Price is moving up in a retrace of the downtrend and then it gaps higher in a last gasp of bullish enthusiasm. A doji forms, one in which the opening and closing prices are similar. This one has an unusually long upper shadow, with the close near the low, but the lower shadow does not extend far enough downward to close the gap. That upward thrust suggests the bulls were enthusiastic about the stock sometime during the day (to force price to gap open higher and climb even more) before the bears appeared and pushed price back down going into the close.

After the candlestick ended, price resumed the downtrend. This scenario -- an upward retrace in a downtrend accompanied by a reversal candle -- is one of the key trading setups for candles. Price resumes the downward price trend. It reminds me of crossing a river by swimming with and against the current. If you are not run over by a speed boat, you will likely make it to the other side, but when swimming with the current, it is safer and faster. Trade reversal candles in which the price trend resumes the primary trend after reversal. Those are the setups that tend to do well (trading with the primary price trend).

-- Thomas Bulkowski

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See Also

Written by and copyright © 2005-2018 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. Some pattern names are the registered trademarks of their respective owners. Alcohol and calculus don't mix. Don't drink and derive!