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Thomas Bulkowski’s successful investment activities allowed him to retire at age 36. He is an internationally known author and trader with 30+ years of stock market experience and widely regarded as a leading expert on chart patterns. He may be reached at

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Bulkowski's Three Outside Down

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Market
Industrials (^DJI):
Transports (^DJT):
Utilities (^DJU):
Nasdaq (^IXIC):
S&P500 (^GSPC):
As of 09/18/2017
22,331 63.01 0.3%
9,515 -31.61 -0.3%
739 -7.54 -1.0%
6,455 6.17 0.1%
2,504 3.64 0.1%
YTD
13.0%
5.2%
12.0%
19.9%
11.8%
Tom's Targets    Overview: 09/14/2017
22,450 or 21,500 by 10/01/2017
9,750 or 9,200 by 10/01/2017
775 or 730 by 10/01/2017
6,650 or 6,200 by 10/01/2017
2,600 or 2,425 by 10/01/2017

Written by and copyright © 2005-2017 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information.

Three Outside Down Candlestick: Summary

The three outside down candlestick is a bearish reversal with a good record of reversing the upward price trend. It has a frequency ranking of 21, so you will be able to find it easily enough in a historical price trend or in real time. The overall performance rank could use some help, and by that I mean price does not trend as often as I would like, but the results are respectable enough.

You will want to give the three outside down candlestick pattern plenty of room to run. If you sell after 10 days, the drop after a downward breakout is pathetic -- a few percentage points on average. Upward breakouts do much better by a multiple of 2 or 3. The worst performing configuration is after a downward breakout in a bull market. Avoid that scenario.

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My book, Encyclopedia of Candlestick ChartsEncyclopedia of Candlestick Charts book., pictured on the left, takes an in-depth look at candlesticks, including performance statistics.

If you click on this link and then buy the book (or anything) at Amazon.com, the referral will help support this site. Thanks. -- Tom Bulkowski

 

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Three Outside Down Candlestick: Important Results

Theoretical performance: Bearish reversal
Tested performance: Bearish reversal 69% of the time
Frequency rank: 21
Overall performance rank: 39
Best percentage meeting price target: 55% (bull market, up breakout)
Best average move in 10 days: 6.30% (bear market, up breakout)
Best 10-day performance rank: 13 (bull market, up breakout)

All ranks are out of 103 candlestick patterns with the top performer ranking 1. "Best" means the highest rated of the four combinations of bull/bear market, up/down breakouts.

The above numbers are based on hundreds of perfect trades. See the glossary for definitions.

The ideal three outside down candlestick
Three Outside Down
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Three Outside Down Candlestick: Discussion

As I mentioned in the introduction, the three outside down candlestick acts in theory as a bullish reversal. Testing shows that it also performs that way 69% of the time. That is very good. The overall performance rank is 39th, meaning that there are 38 other candle patterns that perform better, but who's counting?

The best average move 10 days after the breakout is a rise of 6.3% in a bear market. I consider moves of 6% or higher to be good ones, so this candlestick does well. The best performance rank after 10 days is 13th, which is also quite high. That happens after an upward breakout in a bull market.

Three Outside Down Candlestick: Identification Guidelines

CharacteristicDiscussion
Number of candle linesThree.
Price trend leading to the patternUpward.
ConfigurationLook for a white candle in an upward price trend. Following that, a black candle opens higher and closes lower than the prior candle's body. The last day is a candle with a lower close.
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Three Outside Down Candlestick: Three Trading Tidbits

If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of candlestick charts book, here are three to chew on. The pages refer to the book where the tips appear.

  1. Three outside down candles that appear within a third of the yearly low perform best -- page 777.
  2. Select tall candles for the best performance -- page 777-778.
  3. The best performing three outside down candlestick occurs as an upward retracement of the primary down trend -- page 778-779.

Three Outside Down Candlestick: Example

The three outside down candlestick on the daily scale

The three outside down candlestick appears circled in red on the daily scale. It begins with a white candle in an upward price trend. After that, a black candle appears that engulfs the body of the white candle. That means the black candle has a higher open and a lower close than the white candle. Wrapping up the three outside down is a black candle with a lower close.

The three outside down is supposed to be a bearish reversal of the upward price trend, but this is an example of the candle acting as a continuation of the move higher. The stock breaks out upward from the three outside down when price closes above the top of the candlestick. Since the price leading to the candle is upward and an upward exit results, it is a continuation pattern and not a reversal in this example.

The ideal trading setup for this candlestick is when the primary trend is downward and a retrace of that downtrend occurs. Price bubbles up, forms the three outside down candlestick, and then price breaks out downward, rejoining the downtrend already underway.

-- Thomas Bulkowski

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See Also

Written by and copyright © 2005-2017 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. Ethernet (n): something used to catch the ether bunny.