Subscribe to RSS feeds Bulkowski Blog via RSS

Support this site! Clicking the links (below) takes you to If you buy ANYTHING, they pay for the referral. My books...

Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns 2nd Edition book.
Chart Patterns: After the Buy
Getting Started in Chart Patterns, Second Edition book.
Trading Basics: Evolution of a Trader book.
Fundamental Analysis and Position Trading: Evolution of a Trader book.
Swing and Day Trading: Evolution of a Trader book.
Visual Guide to Chart Patterns book.
Picture of Bumper.
Picture of the head's law.

Bulkowski's Long Legged Doji

Class Elliott Wave Fundamentals Psychology Quiz Studies Setups Software Tutorials More...
Candles Chart
Small Patterns
As of 02/20/2019
  Industrials: 25,954 +63.12 +0.2%
  Transports: 10,627 +9.81 +0.1%
  Utilities: 746 +2.71 +0.4%
  Nasdaq: 7,489 +2.30 +0.0%
  S&P 500: 2,785 +4.94 +0.2%
Tom's Targets    Overview: 02/14/2019
26,000 or 24,600 by 03/01/2019
10,900 or 9,900 by 03/01/2019
755 or 725 by 03/01/2019
7,700 or 7,050 by 03/01/2019
2,825 or 2,650 by 03/01/2019

Written by and copyright © 2005-2019 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. Some pattern names are the registered trademarks of their respective owners.

In my book, Encyclopedia of Candlestick ChartsEncyclopedia of Candlestick Charts book., pictured on the right, I explore the entire range of candlestick patterns from abandoned babies to windows (not exactly A to Z, but you get the idea), in both bull and bear markets, using almost 5 million candle lines in the tests.

The book takes an in-depth look at 103 candlestick patterns and reports on behavior and rank (3 types: reversal rate, frequency, and overall performance), identification guidelines, performance statistics (tables of general statistics, height, and volume), trading tactics (tables of statistics on reversal rates and performance indicators), and wraps each chapter with a sample trade. I share a sliver of that information below. If you like what you read here, then you will love the book. Help support this website and buy a copy by clicking on the above link.

The long legged doji is like other doji candlesticks. It means nothing. Tests confirm that the breakout direction is random. In theory, the long legged doji acts as indecision among traders as to the direction price will take. In a doji, the opening and closing prices end where they started after both rising and dropping during the session. The tug-of-war between the bulls and the bears results in a stalemate at the closing bell. What will happen tomorrow is anyone's guess.

Long Legged Doji Important Results

Theoretical performance: Indecision
Tested performance: Bullish continuation 51% of the time
Frequency rank: 41
Overall performance rank: 37
Best percentage meeting price target: 68% (bull market, up breakout)
Best average move in 10 days: 4.62% (bear market, up breakout)
Best 10-day performance rank: 38 (bear market, up breakout)

All ranks are out of 103 candlestick patterns with the top performer ranking 1. "Best" means the highest rated of the four combinations of bull/bear market, up/down breakouts.

The above numbers are based on hundreds of perfect trades. See the glossary for definitions.

The ideal long legged doji candlestick
Long Legged Doji
Top of page   More

Long Legged Doji Discussion

My tests show that the long legged doji acts as a bullish continuation candlestick 51% of the time, which I consider random. Thus, the indecision label is an apt one. The breakout direction is not known, and trying to depend on this candle hinting at a direction is fraught with error.

The overall performance rank is 37, which is closer to 1 (best performance) than 103 (worst). The best average move 10 days after the breakout is a rise of 4.62% in a bear market. That climb gives the long legged doji its best rank of 38 (bear market, up breakout). The 38 rank is a different measure than the overall performance rank of 37, which combines the results of 1, 3, 5 and 10 days for all market directions.

Long Legged Doji Identification Guidelines

Number of candle linesOne.
Price trend leading to the patternNone.
ConfigurationLook for a doji (opening and closing prices are within a few pennies of each other) accompanied by long shadows.
Top of page   More

Three Trading Tidbits for Long Legged Doji

If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of candlestick charts book, here are three to chew on. The pages refer to the book where the tips appear.

  1. Long legged doji candles that appear within a third of the yearly low perform best -- page 242.
  2. Long legged doji candles with shadows taller than the median show price that moves 50% farther than do those with shorter shadows -- page 243.
  3. Breakouts below the 50-trading day moving average outperform -- pages 244-245.

The long legged doji candlestick on the daily scale

Long Legged Doji Example

The chart shows three long legged doji candlesticks on the daily scale. Candle A appears in the middle of a sideways price trend. In fact, all three, A, B, and C are positioned in the same congestion area. Price has no direction after the doji appears, just as my tests indicate.

Notice the long upper and lower shadows on the long legged doji, giving the candlestick its name. The length of the shadows need not appear the same, only that they are longer than recent shadows on other candles.

-- Thomas Bulkowski


Top of page   More  

Other Long Legged Doji Examples

See Also

Written by and copyright © 2005-2019 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. Some pattern names are the registered trademarks of their respective owners. Therapy is expensive. Popping bubble wrap is cheap. You choose.