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Thomas Bulkowski’s successful investment activities allowed him to retire at age 36. He is an internationally known author and trader with 30+ years of stock market experience and widely regarded as a leading expert on chart patterns. He may be reached at

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Picture of Bumper.
Picture of the head's law.
Chart Patterns: After the Buy
Getting Started in Chart Patterns, Second Edition book.
Trading Basics: Evolution of a Trader book.
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Visual Guide to Chart Patterns book.
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Bulkowski's Evening Star

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Candles Chart
Small Patterns
Industrials (^DJI):
Transports (^DJT):
Utilities (^DJU):
Nasdaq (^IXIC):
S&P500 (^GSPC):
As of 04/19/2018
24,665 -83.18 -0.3%
10,672 -98.34 -0.9%
697 -0.72 -0.1%
7,238 -57.18 -0.8%
2,693 -15.51 -0.6%
Tom's Targets    Overview: 04/13/2018
25,300 or 23,400 by 05/01/2018
10,800 or 9,800 by 05/01/2018
670 or 710 by 05/01/2018
7,400 or 6,800 by 05/01/2018
2,750 or 2,600 by 05/01/2018

Written by and copyright © 2005-2018 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information.

In my book, Encyclopedia of Candlestick ChartsEncyclopedia of Candlestick Charts book., pictured on the right, I explore the entire range of candlestick patterns from abandoned babies to windows (not exactly A to Z, but you get the idea), in both bull and bear markets, using almost 5 million candle lines in the tests.

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$ $ $

The evening star is cousin to the evening doji star, but I'll guess you already knew that. The difference is in the star, which is the middle candle of the three candle pattern. The evening star sounds like the name of a newspaper, doesn't it?

The evening star acts as a bearish reversal of the upward price trend, and when the breakout occurs, hold on for dear life. The overall performance rank is very high, but most of the performance is due to upward breakouts, not downward ones. In fact, you will want to avoid trading the evening star after a downward breakout in a bull market

Important Results for the Evening Star

Theoretical performance: Bearish reversal
Tested performance: Bearish reversal 72% of the time
Frequency rank: 71
Overall performance rank: 4
Best percentage meeting price target: 50% (bull market, up breakout)
Best average move in 10 days: 8.77% (bear market, up breakout)
Best 10-day performance rank: 4 (bear market, up breakout)

All ranks are out of 103 candlestick patterns with the top performer ranking 1. "Best" means the highest rated of the four combinations of bull/bear market, up/down breakouts.

The above numbers are based on hundreds of perfect trades. See the glossary for definitions.

The ideal evening star candlestick
Evening Star
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Evening Star Discussion

The evening star candlestick acts in theory as it does in reality, as a bearish reversal of the upward price trend 72% of the time. That gives it a rank of 10th, which is high. However, with a 71 frequency rank, it may be a long time before you see one in the bush. The overall performance rank is 4th, and that is top notch. Once the trend begins, it tends to remain trending.

The best average move is a rise of 8.77% in a bear market, ranking 4th. My guess is that the 63 samples composing the rise is too few to justify having faith in it. Look for the number to drop as more samples become available.

Evening Star Identification Guidelines

Number of candle linesThree.
Price trend leading to the patternUpward.
ConfigurationLook for a tall white candle in an upward price trend. Following that, a small bodied candle of any color should gap above the bodies of the two adjacent candles (ignore the shadows). The last day is a tall black candle that opens below the prior candle, and closes at least midway down the body of the first day.
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Three Trading Tidbits for Evening Star

If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of candlestick charts book, here are three to chew on. The pages refer to the book where the tips appear.

  1. Evening star candles that appear within a third of the yearly low in a bull market perform best -- page 338.
  2. Trade the evening star candlestick when it appears in an upward retracement of the primary downtrend -- page 340.
  3. The evening star candlestick breaks out downward most often -- page 341.

Evening Star Example

The evening star candlestick on the daily scale

This evening star candlestick appears in an upward price trend. It sports a tall white candle on the first day followed by a smaller candle that is black but can be white, red or any color of your choice, just as long as the body remains above the surrounding two candles. On the last day a tall black candle appears that gaps below the middle candle and closes at least midway down the first candle (the tall white one).

This evening star candlestick acts as a bearish reversal of the up trend since the breakout is downward. A downward breakout occurs when price closes below the bottom of the candlestick pattern. In this example, the new downtrend is a lasting one, but it takes its time trending lower.

It is difficult to say from the chart, but this could be an example of the evening star appearing as part of an upward retracement of the primary downward price trend. That means price is moving lower over the longer term then price retraces -- moves up -- before the evening star appears and sends price tumbling again, to rejoin the original downward move. Finding those situations represents a delicious trading setup.

-- Thomas Bulkowski

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See Also

Written by and copyright © 2005-2018 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. What has four legs and an arm? A happy pit bull.