Subscribe to RSS feeds Bulkowski Blog via RSS

Thomas Bulkowski’s successful investment activities allowed him to retire at age 36. He is an internationally known author and trader with 30+ years of stock market experience and widely regarded as a leading expert on chart patterns. He may be reached at

Support this site! Clicking the links (below) takes you to If you buy ANYTHING, they pay for the referral.

Picture of Bumper.
Picture of the head's law.
Chart Patterns: After the Buy
Getting Started in Chart Patterns, Second Edition book.
Trading Basics: Evolution of a Trader book.
Fundamental Analysis and Position Trading: Evolution of a Trader book.
Swing and Day Trading: Evolution of a Trader book.
Visual Guide to Chart Patterns book.
Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns 2nd Edition book.

Bulkowski’s Closing Black Marubozu

Class Elliott Wave Fundamentals Psychology Quiz Research Setups Software Tutorials More...
Candles Chart
Small Patterns
Industrials (^DJI):
Transports (^DJT):
Utilities (^DJU):
Nasdaq (^IXIC):
S&P500 (^GSPC):
As of 12/10/2018
24,423 34.31 0.1%
9,877 -74.62 -0.7%
755 1.98 0.3%
7,021 51.27 0.7%
2,638 4.64 0.2%
Tom's Targets    Overview: 11/28/2018
25,350 or 23,650 by 12/15/2018
10,600 or 9,650 by 12/15/2018
765 or 730 by 12/15/2018
7,350 or 6,750 by 12/15/2018
2,750 or 2,580 by 12/15/2018

Written by and copyright © 2005-2018 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. Some pattern names are the registered trademarks of their respective owners.

My book, Encyclopedia of Candlestick ChartsEncyclopedia of Candlestick Charts book., pictured on the left, takes an in-depth look at candlesticks, including performance statistics.

If you click on this link and then buy the book (or anything) at, the referral will help support this site. Thanks. -- Tom Bulkowski

$ $ $

The difference in appearance between a black marubozu and a closing black marubozu is an upper shadow. The closing black marubozu has one, but the black marubozu does not. Performance is similar for both. They act as continuations of the prevailing price trend, occur often in a historical price series, but overall performance over 10 days is poor (mid list).

Closing Black Marubozu Important Results

Theoretical performance: Continuation.
Tested performance: Continuation 52% of the time
Frequency rank: 18
Overall performance rank: 43
Best percentage meeting price target: 76% (bull market, up breakout)
Best average move in 10 days: 5.82% (bear market, up breakout)
Best 10-day performance rank: 20 (bear market, up breakout)

All ranks are out of 103 candlestick patterns with the top performer ranking 1. "Best" means the highest rated of the four combinations of bull/bear market, up/down breakouts.

The above numbers are based on hundreds of perfect trades. See the glossary for definitions.

The ideal closing black marubozu candlestick
Closing Black Marubozu
Top of page   More

Closing Black Marubozu Discussion

The closing black marubozu is a tall black candlestick with an upper shadow but no lower one. It acts as a continuation of the existing price trend 52% of the time, which is just about random. The performance after the breakout is mid list at 43, where 1 is best and 103 worst. The best average move in 10 days is 5.82% and that occurs after an upward breakout in a bear market. Both are counter trend, meaning a bear market sees lower prices over time and the closing black marubozu has a close at the bottom of the candle. Price has to fight its way upward, against the one-day down trend and the bear market to breakout higher. I consider wonderful moves of 6% or more, so the closing black marubozu comes close. That performance also gives the candle its best rank of 20.

Closing Black Marubozu Identification Guidelines

Number of candle linesOne.
Price trend leading to the patternNone required.
ConfigurationLook for a tall black candle with an upper shadow but no lower one.

Three Trading Tidbits for Closing Black Marubozu

If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of candlestick charts book, here are three to chew on. The pages refer to the book where the tips appear.

  1. Closing black marubozu candles that appear within a third of the yearly low perform best -- page 515.
  2. Closing black marubozu candles with tall upper shadows outperform -- page 516.
  3. Closing black marubozu within a third of the yearly low often act as continuation candlesticks -- page 516-517.
Top of page   More

The closing black marubozu candlestick on the daily scale

Closing Black Marubozu Example

The daily chart shows two closing black marubozu candles, the first at A and the second at B. Both are tall black candles with no lower shadows, but they do have upper shadows. In this example, the candlesticks appear in a downward price trend, and both breakout downward, too.

If the candle before B were white, the AB pattern would represent a variation of the falling three methods candlestick. Besides the black candle, the only other glitch I see is that the second candle drops below the high-low range of the first candle (A). Having so many identification rules for the falling three methods candlestick pattern is what makes it so rare.

-- Thomas Bulkowski


Top of page   More  

See Also

Written by and copyright © 2005-2018 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. Some pattern names are the registered trademarks of their respective owners. I don't think, therefore I am not.