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Thomas Bulkowski’s successful investment activities allowed him to retire at age 36. He is an internationally known author and trader with 30+ years of stock market experience and widely regarded as a leading expert on chart patterns. He may be reached at

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Chart Patterns: After the Buy
Getting Started in Chart Patterns, Second Edition book.
Trading Basics: Evolution of a Trader book.
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Bulkowski’s Below The Stomach

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Candles Chart
Small Patterns
Industrials (^DJI):
Transports (^DJT):
Utilities (^DJU):
Nasdaq (^IXIC):
S&P500 (^GSPC):
As of 12/13/2018
24,597 70.11 0.3%
9,673 -161.07 -1.6%
760 6.01 0.8%
7,070 -27.98 -0.4%
2,651 -0.53 0.0%
Tom's Targets    Overview: 11/28/2018
25,350 or 23,650 by 12/15/2018
10,600 or 9,650 by 12/15/2018
765 or 730 by 12/15/2018
7,350 or 6,750 by 12/15/2018
2,750 or 2,580 by 12/15/2018

Written by and copyright © 2005-2018 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. Some pattern names are the registered trademarks of their respective owners.

My book, Encyclopedia of Candlestick ChartsEncyclopedia of Candlestick Charts book., pictured on the left, takes an in-depth look at candlesticks, including performance statistics.

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Below the stomach candlestick is the inverted variety of the above the stomach pattern, only below the stomach does not perform as well. Below the stomach acts as a bearish reversal of the up trend just 60% of the time. The overall performance ranks 59th, or about mid list where a performance rank of 1 is best out of 103 candlestick types. My guess is this candle pattern works best as an upward retrace in a downward price trend. That way, price rejoins the downward movement of the primary trend after the breakout.

Important Results for Below the Stomach

Theoretical performance: Bearish reversal
Tested performance: Bearish reversal 60% of the time
Frequency rank: 38
Overall performance rank: 59
Best percentage meeting price target: 60% (bull market, up breakout)
Best average move in 10 days: 4.81% (bear market, up breakout)
Best 10-day performance rank: 32 (bear market, up breakout)

All ranks are out of 103 candlestick patterns with the top performer ranking 1. "Best" means the highest rated of the four combinations of bull/bear market, up/down breakouts.

The above numbers are based on hundreds of perfect trades. See the glossary for definitions.

The ideal below the stomach candlestick
Below The Stomach
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Below the Stomach Discussion

Below the stomach candle pattern is a disappointing candlestick when compared to its sister, the above the stomach pattern. Below the stomach functions as a bearish reversal 60% of the time. The overall performance rank is 59, well down the list from the candle with the best performance rank, 1. However, the pattern does appear frequently, ranking 38.

The best average move 10 days after a breakout is a rise of 4.81% in a bear market, scoring a rank of 32 in the process. The rise also falls short of the 6% or higher moves that I like to see. That suggests that once price breaks out, it trends but not for too long.

Below the Stomach Identification Guidelines

Number of candle linesTwo.
Price trend leading to the patternUpward.
ConfigurationLook for a tall white candle followed by a candle that has a body below the middle of the white candle. Pictures show the second candle as black, but the guidelines I saw did not mentions this as a requirement.
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Three Trading Tidbits for Below the Stomach

If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of candlestick charts book, here are three to chew on. The pages refer to the book where the tips appear.

  1. Below the stomach candles that appear within a third of the yearly low perform best -- page 111.
  2. Channels can help predict turning points -- page 112-114.
  3. Volume gives performance clues -- page 112.

Below the Stomach Example

The below the stomach candlestick on the daily scale

The chart of 3M appears on the daily scale. Circled in red is the below the stomach candlestick pattern.

The uptrend leading to the start of the pattern lasts for just a few days before the tall white candle shows. Following that, a black candle with its opening and closing prices appears, showing a body below the mid point of the white candle from the day before. Price trends horizontally for a week after the below the stomach candle before making a straight-line run down.

The setup shown here, an upward retrace in a downward price trend, is the preferred one. When price breaks out downward (which means a close below the lowest low in the candle pattern), price rejoins the downward primary trend already in progress.

-- Thomas Bulkowski

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See Also

Written by and copyright © 2005-2018 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved. Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information. Some pattern names are the registered trademarks of their respective owners. Bumper sticker: If you believe in telepathy, think about honking.