As of 05/18/2022
  Indus: 31,490 -1,164.52 -3.6%  
  Trans: 13,692 -1,096.25 -7.4%  
  Utils: 992 -9.94 -1.0%  
  Nasdaq: 11,418 -566.37 -4.7%  
  S&P 500: 3,924 -165.17 -4.0%  
YTD
-13.3%  
-16.9%  
 +1.1%  
-27.0%  
-17.7%  
  Targets    Overview: 05/15/2022  
  Up arrow33,500 or 30,500 by 06/01/2022
  Up arrow15,500 or 13,700 by 06/01/2022
  Up arrow1,050 or 940 by 06/01/2022
  Up arrow12,800 or 11,000 by 06/01/2022
  Up arrow4,250 or 3,850 by 06/01/2022
CPI (updated daily): Arrows on 4/21/22
As of 05/18/2022
  Indus: 31,490 -1,164.52 -3.6%  
  Trans: 13,692 -1,096.25 -7.4%  
  Utils: 992 -9.94 -1.0%  
  Nasdaq: 11,418 -566.37 -4.7%  
  S&P 500: 3,924 -165.17 -4.0%  
YTD
-13.3%  
-16.9%  
 +1.1%  
-27.0%  
-17.7%  
  Targets    Overview: 05/15/2022  
  Up arrow33,500 or 30,500 by 06/01/2022
  Up arrow15,500 or 13,700 by 06/01/2022
  Up arrow1,050 or 940 by 06/01/2022
  Up arrow12,800 or 11,000 by 06/01/2022
  Up arrow4,250 or 3,850 by 06/01/2022
CPI (updated daily): Arrows on 4/21/22

Bulkowski on Pattern Pairs: Eve & Adam Double Tops

 

Initial release: 12/8/2021.

The idea behind pattern pairs is to pick a chart pattern type (like broadening bottoms with upward breakouts) to buy and another to sell (like double tops). You buy the upward breakout from the broadening bottom, hold for a few years, and sell when a double top appears and breaks out downward. Along the way, you give price a chance to rise far enough to overcome those trades which are stopped out for a loss. This is a trend-following strategy.

Trading Eve & Adam Double Tops: Summary

Picture of the pattern pairs.

The figure illustrates the idea for trading pattern pairs, where price is the red line and the boxes are chart patterns. This articles assumes you buy a busted Eve & Adam double top (price breaks out downward, drops no more than 10%, reverses, and closes above the top of the double top). Buy as price rises above the top of the pattern.

On the sale side, you can sell the first bearish chart pattern which comes along, or you can wait for your favorite bearish chart pattern to appear and sell then.

Here's a list of the top five performing sell signals, based on annualized gain (annualized because the hold time is often years, in parenthesis).

Buy a busted Eve & Adam double top and sell a...

The following list shows the expected performance of chart pattern pairs, ranked by their expectancy. Expectancy is a way of gauging winning and losing trades and how much money you might make trading a pattern pair. I put the expected profit per trade, per share, in parenthesis.

Buy a busted Eve & Adam double top and sell a...

Selling non-busted chart patterns results in better performance than using busted patterns (based on 22 contests).

To improve performance, try these tips.

Top of page

Trading Eve & Adam Double Tops: Entry and Exit Conditions

The databases I built over several decades doesn't identify every chart pattern. There may be plenty of double tops over the years, for example, that I didn't catalog along the way to the one I did catalog. So buying a busted double top and selling the downward breakout from a rising wedge I cataloged would be different than choosing to sell a different rising wedge. However, the following analysis does give a real-world flavor for how well you might do trading chart patterns if you follow the pattern pair strategy.

Here's what I used in my analysis.

I used the following 43 chart patterns in the analysis, but some only applied if they were busted.

Top of page

Trading Eve & Adam Double Tops: Stops

I used a stop loss order set a penny below the bottom of the busted Eve & Adam double top. Price on the way down may have gapped below the stop price (for the sale price), so I used the lower of the stop price or the opening price on the day of sale).

For trailing stops, I removed the stop loss order and used a trailing stop set at 10%, 15%, 20%, or 25% below a peak, never lowering the stop value, but raising it if a higher peak came along during the trade.

In Table 1, I calculated the percentage net gain (the average of gains and losses) when using various trailing stop loss amounts (10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%) for all tested chart patterns according to the busted/non-busted buy/sell configuration. In parenthesis is the size of the average loss so I could detail how losses change with various stop loss orders.

For example, if I tested busted Eve & Adam Double Tops and sold various non-busted patterns (broadening bottoms, broadening tops, head-and-shoulders tops, and so on), I made an average of 27% ("Stop Loss Only" column) after having a stop loss order in place. Losses averaged 14%. Replacing the stop loss with a 10% trailing stop cut the gain to 3% but also trimmed the average loss to 6%. Using a 25% trailing stop allowed me to keep more money, 23%, but losses climbed to 14%. If I didn't use any type of stop, the gain averaged 72% with losses averaging 25%.

The results show that:

Table 1: Various Trailing Stop Settings: Net Profit and (Average Loss)
Data 10%  15%  20%  25%  Stop Loss 
Only
 No Stop
Busted buys, non-busted sales 3% (-6%)  11% (-8%)  21% (-10%)  23% (-14%)  27% (-8%)  72% (-25%) 
Busted buys, busted sales 3% (-6%)  9% (-8%)  20% (-9%)  20% (-13%)  29% (-8%)  68% (-21%) 

Trading Eve & Adam Double Tops: Busted Patterns

A busted Eve & Adam double top has a downward breakout but price drops no more than 10% before reversing and moving above the top of the pattern.

In 22 contests (selling 22 different chart pattern types, depending on which apply), I compared the performance of buying busted EADTs and selling non-busted patterns with selling busted patterns. Selling a busted pattern wins a contest (outperforms selling a non-busted pattern) only 36% of the time.

Top of page

Trading Eve & Adam Double Tops: Busted Buy, Non-Busted Sale

Picture of a busted pattern pair.

The figure shows the setup for this scenario. When price busts the downward breakout from a bearish Eve & Adam double top, buy. Sell after a downward breakout from a non-busted target chart pattern.

Table 2 shows the performance of this scenario. A stop loss order was used and priced a penny below the bottom of the double Top (after buying).

For example, buying a busted Eve & Adam double top in a bull market (the entry price is really the higher of a penny above the top of the double top or the opening price) and selling after the downward breakout from a broadening bottom shows winners averaging gains of 182%. Losses average 9%, for a net of 33%. Because trades are often years long, annualized the net becomes a loss of 17% (no change in this case). Only 50 trades occurred with a win/loss ratio of 22%. This scenario ranks the net gain as 12th among the two tables (2 and 3). If you traded this as a buy-and-hold position, meaning no stops were used, the net gain climbed to a gain of 62%. Expectancy was $6.30 per share, ranking 5th where 1 is best.

Trades with sample counts below 30 are not ranked.

Table 2: Statistics for Busted Buys, Non-Busted Sales
Sell PatternAverage
Win
Average
Loss
NetAnnualized
Net
RankNo Stop
Net
Win/Loss
Samples
Win
Loss
Average
Expectancy
Expectancy
Rank
Broadening bottom182%-9%33%17%1262%11/3922%$6.305
Broadening top144%-9%30%18%1069%28/8225%$5.628
Broadening formation, right-angled and ascending120%-10%9%6%3233%6/3515%-$0.1433
Broadening formation, right-angled and descending111%-9%15%9%3037%7/2721%$1.9331
Broadening wedge, ascending181%-8%72%124%11/1542%
Broadening wedge, descending125%-9%24%39%5/1525%
Bump-and-run reversal top78%-9%16%15%1783%22/5628%$3.1327
Diamond bottom57%-12%4%35%4/1324%
Diamond top240%-9%46%20%793%8/2822%$3.5723
Adam & Adam double top117%-8%22%15%1692%88/28324%$6.266
Adam & Eve double top164%-8%35%21%577%36/10825%$8.073
Eve & Adam double top80%-8%8%5%3370%31/14018%$3.3125
Eve & Eve double top95%-8%17%13%2183%37/11325%$5.2711
Falling wedge96%-11%3%13%3/1914%
Head-and-shoulders top111%-9%22%14%2064%108/31625%$4.8216
Sell PatternAverage
Win
Average
Loss
NetAnnualized
Net
RankNo Stop
Net
Win/Loss
Samples
Win
Loss
Average
Expectancy
Expectancy
Rank
Head-and-shoulders, complex top104%-10%25%14%1959%20/4531%$3.3524
Rectangle top125%-9%27%18%1167%16/4427%$5.877
Rising wedge140%-8%41%23%272%36/7233%$5.1513
Rounding top97%-8%20%11%2328%18/5126%$4.1420
Ascending scallop88%-9%42%80%9/853%
Descending scallop193%-9%56%22%379%47/9832%$5.509
Scallop, inverted and ascending72%-9%10%107%5/1624%
Scallop, descending and inverted107%-10%19%12%2238%20/6224%$0.9232
Triangle, ascending159%-9%32%21%670%14/4325%$3.1826
Triangle, descending59%-10%11%10%2630%16/3730%$5.1512
Triangle, symmetrical125%-10%33%17%1473%55/12031%$5.0315
Triple top117%-8%25%15%1873%88/25026%$4.0321
Rectangle bottom74%-11%17%9%2734%10/2132%$2.1730
3 falling peaks153%-8%30%17%1574%68/21724%$2.8229
Roof154%-7%74%103%9/950%
Roof, inverted306%-9%100%154%8/1535%
Sell PatternAverage
Win
Average
Loss
NetAnnualized
Net
RankNo Stop
Net
Win/Loss
Samples
Win
Loss
Average
Expectancy
Expectancy
Rank

Top of page

Trading Eve & Adam Double Tops: Busted Buy, Busted Sale

Picture of a busted pattern pair.

Table 3 shows trading statistics for busted Eve & Adam Double Tops as the entry signal and various busted chart patterns as the exit signal. Keep in mind that some trades were few. A stop loss order was used and priced a penny below the bottom of the Eve & Adam double top (after buying).

The associated figure shows the setup.

For example, buying a busted Eve & Adam double top and selling a busted broadening top made 99% from the winners, lost 9% on the losers for a net gain of 12%. Annualized, it was 9%. The net gain placed the performance of this setup at 29, where 1 is best.

Removing stops from the trades allowed them to make 58%. Only 64 trades were taken and 19% of them were winners. Expectancy was a gain of $3.67 per share, ranking 22 where 1 is best.

Trades with sample counts below 30 are not ranked.


Table 3: Statistics for Busted Buys and Sales
Sell PatternAverage
Win
Average
Loss
NetAnnualized
Net
RankNo Stop
Net
Win/Loss
Samples
Win
Loss
Average
Expectancy
Expectancy
Rank
Broadening bottom45%-8%2%17%5/2119%
Broadening top99%-9%12%9%2958%12/5219%$3.6722
Broadening formation, right-angled and ascending136%-8%28%33%5/1525%
Broadening formation, right-angled and descending33%-7%0%11%3/1517%
Broadening wedge, ascendingNone-9%-9%36%0/50%
Broadening wedge, descending202%-11%53%58%3/730%
Bump-and-run reversal bottom35%-7%-2%17%1/713%
Cup with handle51%-9%8%15%2/529%
Diamond bottom160%-6%39%58%3/827%
Diamond top58%-7%5%27%3/1319%
Adam & Adam double bottom170%-8%37%19%887%31/9125%$8.502
Adam & Eve double bottom95%-8%14%7%3146%10/3622%$5.1414
Eve & Adam double bottom118%-9%24%11%2466%12/3526%$4.8017
Eve & Eve double bottom48%-8%6%27%6/1825%
Falling wedge6%-10%-9%21%1/118%
Head-and-shoulders bottom95%-8%18%10%2559%24/7026%$4.1719
Sell PatternAverage
Win
Average
Loss
NetAnnualized
Net
RankNo Stop
Net
Win/Loss
Samples
Win
Loss
Average
Expectancy
Expectancy
Rank
Head-and-shoulders complex bottom36%-9%9%37%4/640%
Rectangle top98%-8%24%17%13119%11/2531%$6.804
Rising wedge25%-8%-3%33%2/1214%
Round bottom97%-10%12%49%1/420%
Rounding top41%-14%5%37%2/433%
Ascending scallop155%-10%33%78%6/1726%
Descending scallop358%-13%234%238%4/267%
Scallop, inverted and ascending256%-10%81%31%1106%15/2934%$9.191
Scallop, descending and inverted362%-7%136%167%7/1139%
Triangle, ascending54%-8%6%25%6/2023%
Triangle, descending28%-8%7%26%8/1142%
Triangle, symmetrical181%-7%37%18%965%23/7424%$5.4510
Triple bottom126%-8%13%9%2879%16/8316%$2.9628
Rectangle bottom113%-11%16%37%3/1121%
3 rising valleys220%-8%44%22%4113%17/5823%$4.3818
Roof134%-7%13%49%1/614%
Roof, inverted173%-7%83%80%3/350%
Sell PatternAverage
Win
Average
Loss
NetAnnualized
Net
RankNo Stop
Net
Win/Loss
Samples
Win
Loss
Average
Expectancy
Expectancy
Rank

Top of page

Trading Eve & Adam Double Tops: Performance Improvements

Here are a few ideas the data suggested which may improve performance of your pattern pairs trading.

Trend Start: Short, Medium, or Long

Find the trend start for your Eve & Adam double top. Often you can just look at a chart and see where the trend begins. If not, or you want to be sure, then the glossary describes how to find it.

Determine the length from the trend start to the pattern's start: short term (less than 3 months), medium term (3 to 6 months) or long term (more than 6 months).

Table 4 shows the results for the two combinations of busted/non-busted trades and the resulting performance.

There's no consistent pattern to the inbound trend and performance. Non-busted sales do best if the medium term applies, but busted patterns perform best after a long inbound price trend.

Table 4: Short (S) Medium (M) or Long (L) Trend Start and Performance
 Sell Non-Busted PatternSell Busted Pattern
Buy busted patternS22% M35% L25%S28% M24% L31%

Top of page

Moving Averages: 50- and 200-Day SMA

I checked two moving averages at buy time, 50- and 200-day simple moving averages (not as a crossover setup). I compared the breakout price to the value of the moving average. Table 5 shows the performance of selling busted or non-busted patterns when the breakout price was above (A) or below (B) the 50-day simple moving average (SMA).

The results say that buying a busted double top when the buy price is above the 50-day SMA gives the best performance.

Table 5: Above (A) Below (B) 50-Day Simple Moving Average
 Sell Non-Busted PatternSell Busted Pattern
Buy busted patternA28% B-6%A30% B-5%

Table 6 shows the results of using a longer moving average, the 200-day. Traders often use this as a proxy for the long-term trend.

For both busted and non-busted sales, performance improves if the breakout price is below the 200-day SMA.

Table 6: Above (A) Below (B) 200-Day Simple Moving Average
 Sell Non-Busted PatternSell Busted Pattern
Buy busted patternA27% B28%A26% B55%

Top of page

Selling First Bearish Chart Pattern

The prior discussion assumes you buy a busted Eve & Adam double top but sell a chart pattern of your choosing, such as a downward breakout from a head-and-shoulders top (you wait for one to appear). What if you sold the first bearish chart pattern which comes along? How would you do?

Table 7 shows the results sorted by the type of patterns involved (busted or non-busted). For example, if you buy a busted Eve & Adam double top and sell the first non-busted chart pattern which comes along, you'd make 8% on average. Annualized, you'd make 25%. This compares to a 16% annualized gain if you sell a designated pattern (like you waited for a double top before selling, which may or may not be the first bearish chart pattern to come along.

The best result comes from selling the first non-busted pattern which appears. Avoid selling busted patterns.

The bottom half of the table shows expectancy for the two combinations with selling non-busted patterns having the highest expectancy of profit.

Table 7: Selling the First Bearish Pattern (Annualized)
 Sell Non-Busted PatternSell Busted Pattern
Buy busted pattern8% (25% v 16%)-2% (-11% v 16%)
Expectancy (Below)
 Sell Non-Busted PatternSell Busted Pattern
Buy busted pattern$3.35$-1.36

-- Thomas Bulkowski

Top of page

See Also

 

Support this site! Clicking any of the books (below) takes you to Amazon.com If you buy ANYTHING while there, they pay for the referral.
Legal notices: "As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases." Paid links).

My novels:  Bumper's Story Head's Law

Chart Patterns: After the Buy

Copyright © 2005-2022 by Thomas N. Bulkowski. All rights reserved.
Disclaimer: You alone are responsible for your investment decisions. See Privacy/Disclaimer for more information.
Some pattern names are registered trademarks of their respective owners.

Home Advertise Contact Donate Links Privacy/Disclaimer